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Aug 23, 2017
CPEC

The nonstrategic significance of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and concerns of India as Make in India tiger, how does the future depend on it?

Since the China Pakistan Economic Corridor has been started, the order of the region and the overall power balance in the area is going through thoughtful changes in transitioning from the Western-controlled unipolar method to the Eastern model of multipolarity and all happening due to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, and the unending multi-layered friction between the divergent powers sums up the charm of the new cold tussle.

The United States and its allies are simply stressed to retain their former supremacy over world affairs, even as Russia, China, and their relevant mates are working hard to accomplish nonbelligerent developments in the devaluation of their rivals’ control. All these factors state that the CPEC or China Pakistan Economic Corridor is not simply a road or a trade corridor, but it is a real world order changer. According to the experts, the CPEC will definitely change the fate of the area but it will also shift the western unipolar system towards the Eastern model of polarity and Pakistan along with China will be in a position to control the most parts of the world.

The development on the shifting of power is not that slow and the replacement governance systems reminiscent of BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – emerging nations organization along with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), and the Asian Infrastructure investment bank (AIIB) are being used as vital tools to the multipolar wits to transform the world system, but what’s needed most of all is to chain up the Afro-Eurasian transnational places of the jap into a win-win business of financial relations. China is clearly focusing on its One Belt, One Road OBOR motive and working on the world’s wonder road called the Silk Road. Pakistan has now become its leading partner in this motive by offering its territory, roads, and ports to its neighbor China. It has invested more than 55 billion dollars in this project.

 

Major Facts of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

 

CPEC Connectivity

The most significant Silk Road project is the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which is a $55 billion investment and it is still counting for more projects in Pakistan that seek to connect East Asia with South Asia by eliminating the Malacca river from the trade zone and connecting the entire western China through road and rail networks through all across The Pakistani territory. Upon full accomplishment, CPEC will be a geopolitical game-changer for the Chinese economy and world power order. There is another simple reason that why it is important to China, it is offering an alternative route to western China trade zones from south Asia and the Middle East. It is also by passing the Strait of Malacca.

Invasion of US Navy in Strait of Malacca

It will also convert the possibility into impossible for US Navy to control over the trade routes of China through their maritime manipulation in the Malacca trade routes. Meanwhile, the CPEC will offer China a tax-free and transit free trade route from western China to Europe, South Asia, and other global regions via Pakistan’s Gwadar Port. The Silk Road will play a vital role in this situation and connect other Eurasia and Pacific Asian regions to the Gwadar port to ensemble them with high-speed rail technology. They will also eliminate the threat of being interrupted, controlled, or swayed through the externally incited conflicts of Hybrid Wars or even the cold wars. The one and the same can be said for China Pakistan Economic Corridor too.

Pakistan’s war against the invaders

It definitely is much easier to control these commotions in the two transit states of China and Pakistan, in this way than to take action throughout the Eurasian landmass. Pakistan already is taking action against these factors and has identified its friends and enemies in the past decade. Pakistan’s intelligence agencies have captured and identified hundreds of invaders from the US, Israel, India, and Afghanistan in the past decade and this is the trio who actually has their interests in disabling of this economic corridor. India has a number of concerns and is also afraid of the CPEC as an economic tiger in the South Asia.

But Pakistan’s efforts towards stable trade corridor has make the CPEC probably the most stable and dependable New Silk road investment from a safety perspective, which is particularly coherent if one allows the geostrategic solemnity of this project and Pakistan is doing it very well while China has also planned to deploy its forces across the corridor routes.

Pakistan as a Future Asian Tiger

China Pakistan economic corridor or CPEC does not simply give China an easy access to the Indian Ocean but also lays the foundation for Pakistan to control the future of the area as the Zipper of Eurasia. As a trade zipper in linking together a series of Eurasian economic blocs, Pakistan will play a vital role in the economy of the world and this part of the world.

As it was deeply enlightened in September 2015 by an analyst at the Russian Institute of Strategic reviews that CPEC holds the aptitude of “zipping” the Russian-led Eurasian financial Union, China, Iran, and South Asian organization for Regional Cooperation SAARC. Pakistan is a leading member of this cooperation body in south Asia, collectively in frugally firming up the SCO and improving the viability of the shifting the Multipolar World Order. All this going to happen in Pakistan in future and this what rival trio doesn’t want to see? You should know by now.

The Convergence of Civilizations on Pakistan’s Territory

Accepting that CPEC holds the functional probability of linking Europe, the Middle East, and Africa with their SCO counterparts, then there is an unforeseeable chance that a strong Convergence of Civilizations will start on Pakistani territory. In the future, it will accordingly hostage the divide-and-rule draughts of a conflict of Civilizations.

Acquainted with the inimitable value of the Indian Ocean and escalating the dual roles that CPEC is composed to play as the Convergence of Civilizations, it’s just true to claim that the civilizations in Pakistan will transform into Indo-Pacific one and Pakistan will be the center of the core of influential international processes.

India’s 5 concerns on the CPEC

The so much-overhyped 55 billion dollars economic corridor in Pakistan is about to attach the Xinjiang area in western China with the Gwadar is progressively rolling off operations, with the Chinese cargo being loaded on the port and being sent to China.

With an enormous 11 billion dollars investment in rail and road infrastructure and 33 billion dollars in power and energy projects, generally financed by way of Chinese state-owned associations. This mission is being obvious as probably the greatest investments made by China in any part of the world. It’s a venture that might bring economic development in Pakistan. India concerned.

China Pakistan economic corridor will pass throughout Pakistan and Kashmir and the southern state of Baluchistan. It reduces the distance for Chinese goods for the United States, Europe, Africa and the western world by simply 2,000 miles and vice versa. This is the part where more than 90 percent of Chinese trade takes place. India has several concerns and all of them are connected with the interests of USA, Israel, and India itself, but India showing them as their own concerns and they went to the United Nations as well. What are they fear off?

1. India’s Sovereignty

India has a claim that the CPEC is passing through the Gilgit Baltistan and Kashmir which areas according to India are occupied by Pakistan.

The 1,300 km corridor is also professed to be a replacement trading road link for the Kashmir Valley deception on the Indian side of the border. CM Mehbooba Mufti of Indian occupied Kashmir, have expressed optimism about the project. There have been calls via nearby industry and political leaders to declare Kashmir on each side of the Line of Control, a complete economic Zone. A well-related Gilgit-Baltistan that entices industrial growth and foreign ventures, if CPEC demonstrates a success, will additional consolidate the area’s conception as internationally recognized Pakistani territory, diminishing India’s claim over the 73,000 sq km piece of land which lodging the population of more than 1.8 million.

2. Chinese control over the Arabian Sea

Leading US ports on the East Coast are totally dependent on the Panama Canal to trade with China and eastern part of the world. As soon as CPEC turns into completely useful, China will likely be equipped to offer a shorter and less expensive alternate route to across the western world. This may sporadically stream China with the power to dictate the terms wherein the international trade will take place between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. The port of Gwadar is just 600 km from the world oil hub in the Strait of Hurmuz controlled by Iran. The fifty four-km vast Strait has been probably used as a strategic weapon of self-safety by Iran by choking the international oil supplies anytime. While if China will be here in the Arabian Sea, they will mediate any war between Iran and Israel or the viable chance of a seizure of the canal. India’s more than 60 percent of oil passes through this channel and it then has no exceptions.

3. Chinese String of Pearls

China has an ambition named as the String of Pearls and its hundreds of interests are in the Indian Ocean, thus they are increasing their presence in the Indian Ocean. China is actually encircling the Indian Territory by capturing a number of air fields and ports near Indian borders. With a current presence in Chittagong port in Bangladesh, Hambantota port in Sri Lanka, Port Sudan in Sudan, Maldives, Somalia and Seychelles, a full management of Gwadar port establishes the whole supremacy of the Indian Ocean into the hands of China.

But on the other hand, Pakistan has refused any chance of the presence of Chinese Army in Pakistan and deployed its full army division for the security of CPEC. Although, China has quite often hinted at deploying its marine corps on the strategically principal port.

4. Emergence of Pakistan as an Outsourcing destination

Normally known as the Marshall Plan of China just like the US plan to furnish monetary support to Western Europe in the aftermath of World War II, which helped Europe rebuild itself, CPEC is poised to speed up Pakistan’s financial growth as India has gone to all the limits to de stable Pakistan since 1947. They have invaded intelligence operations in Pakistan, sent their spy to Pakistan and much more.

Development of industrial zones adjoining the corridor and modern rail network and road connectivity with the eastern nations and Western Europe is also India’s concern.

With the logistics of price and transit time reductions, Pakistani exports, certainly from the MSMEs, will even obtain a worldwide market, posing serious competition to Indian OEMs and handicraft manufacturers, is also a big concern for India. Pakistani exports, often in the cloth and fabric, compete directly with these of India in the US and the Middle East. According to India, after the success of China Pakistan Economic Corridor, Pakistan shall be suitably placed to end up a regional market leader.

5. More focused one belt one road program

China’s one-belt-one-road (OBOR) venture that focuses on the substituted connectivity between China and the Eurasia nations through a network of ports, roads, and railways has been seen by India as the strongest strategy to politically invade the Western Europe and countries under their direct influence. CPEC is one of the massive steps in the completion of their plans in the area.

The current US extraction from the Trans Pacific Partnership has already left the member countries watching to China for global leadership in trade. The countries in the Pacific partnership are Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam. An inexact situation after Britain’s departure from the European Union and NAFTA and the regenerated Trump regime will best support set up China’s preeminence across the globe.

All of these Indian concerns has no value or weight-age as there is nothing harming the Indian economy and or its supremacy in the region, but the big concern for India is that it is strengthening Pakistan.

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